Money Transfer to Bolinao now possible through Western Union and Bolinao Bank
An Eden north of Manila
A harbor, a haven. A
marine sanctuary. An Eden north of Manila. A rich archaeological site. The home of the
fiercest fighting cocks known far and wide as "Bolinao Texas" and now emerging
as the bangus aquaculture center in Pangasinan as it produces the plump and succulent
Dubbed as Pangasinan's
"Gateway to the World", BOLINAO lies at the northwestern-most tip of
Pangasinan. Nestled in a relatively isolated locale, this haven is bounded on the
north and west by the vast expanse of the South China Sea, on the east by the Lingayen
Gulf, on the south by the rolling hills and plateaus of Bani. Once a part of
Zambales, this third-class municipality occupies about 23,320 hectares of hilly and
rolling terrain. Comprising four islands, the largest of which is Santiago Island
with myriad potentials, Bolinao is divided into 30 barangays including Patar.
From where did this town derive its
name? This remote fishing enclave got its name from the fish piece
"monamon" but commonly called "Bolinao" by the Tagalogs, Bicolanos and
the Visayans. A theory also points out that once upon a time "pamulinawen"
trees grew luxuriantly along its shores, thus, the Ilocano migrants who crossed the
Lingayen Gulf named it phonetically similar to the name of the tree. Nowadays,
however, such tree does not exist anymore.
Legend also relates that during the
first days of the Spanish era, a lovely lass nicknamed "Anao" lived at the
present site of the town proper. She used to bathe leisurely for hours under the
Boli-Bolinao tree where a chieftain's son who lived across the channel first saw her and
then wooed. An early marriage ensued but with the condition, among others, that the seat
of the chieftain's government be moved to the place where Anao lived. There they were to
stay rulers, hence the name of Bolinao, Boli-Bolinao and Anao.
Some claimed that the chieftain's
son was named "Bolido" which means round and robust while the lady was
"Malinao" or as clear as the Libsong Spring. The combination of which became the
name of the town.
of Bolinao Home
Refuge and Haven
Bolinao is famous for its two
lighthouses: 1) The Cape Bolinao Lighthouse in baranggay Patar is the tallest
in the country second to the Cape Bojeador Lighthouse in Ilocos Norte. It warns sea
vessels to stay away from the offshore reefs and huge rocks; 2) Port Bolinao Lighthouse in
Guiguiwanen, barangay Luciente 1 is a refuge, a haven to boats and ships in time of storm
with its deep harbor.
The lighthouse provides a panoramic view
of a portion of the 1,269 hectare cape Bolinao Dendro Thermal Ipil-Ipil Plantation on a
land area considered part of the nation's 4th and 15th influence archaeological site.
Near the lighthouse is the country's
choice white sand beach and clear sea with its lush corals where underwater scenes of
Charlene Gonzales "Dyesebel" and Ruffa Gutierrez "Pinakama-gandang
Hayop" were filmed.
The cape Bolinao Lighthouse Station has
to keep its light burning 365 nights year round to guide vessels at sea, the area being
the international ocean passage to Hongkong, Japan, USA and other countries.
Filipino, British and American engineers
constructed the lighthouse in 1905.
According to the Bureau of Geodetic
Survey, the land elevation is 250 feet. The height of the tower is 101 feet from
base to the light hitting the focal lens of the revolving big lens. Visibility is 20 miles
at midsea towards the lighthouse in Poro Point.
The original third order apparatus was
manufactured in England and the lantern with 3 wicks and chimneys were imported from
France, hence the difficulty of replacing worn out spare parts. However, the
ingenuity of Filipino machinists have succeeded in copying the original.
The light machine is rotated by a system
of gears like that of a big clock with pendulum of weights, winded and suspended with
The lamp of the lighthouse station was
fueled by kerossene for the first 80 years of its operation until the Pangasinan I
Electric Cooperative (PANELCO I) extended its power lines in barangay Patar and 4
other barangays involved in the dendro ipil-ipil plantation development and operations of
the 3.3 magawatt ipil-ipil wood feed power plant at the start of the 1980's, according to
lighthouse headkeeper Jesus Lazo.