Lighthouses of Bolinao
Refuge and Haven
Bolinao is famous for its two lighthouses: 1) The Cape Bolinao Lighthouse in baranggay Patar is the tallest in the country second to the Cape Bojeador Lighthouse in Ilocos Norte. It warns sea vessels to stay away from the offshore reefs and huge rocks; 2) Port Bolinao Lighthouse in Guiguiwanen, barangay Luciente 1 is a refuge, a haven to boats and ships in time of storm with its deep harbor.
The lighthouse provides a panoramic view of a portion of the 1,269 hectare cape Bolinao Dendro Thermal Ipil-Ipil Plantation on a land area considered part of the nation's 4th and 15th influence archaeological site.
Near the lighthouse is the country's choice white sand beach and clear sea with its lush corals where underwater scenes of Charlene Gonzales "Dyesebel" and Ruffa Gutierrez "Pinakama-gandang Hayop" were filmed.
The cape Bolinao Lighthouse Station has to keep its light burning 365 nights year round to guide vessels at sea, the area being the international ocean passage to Hongkong, Japan, USA and other countries.
Filipino, British and American engineers constructed the lighthouse in 1905.
According to the Bureau of Geodetic Survey, the land elevation is 250 feet. The height of the tower is 101 feet from base to the light hitting the focal lens of the revolving big lens. Visibility is 20 miles at midsea towards the lighthouse in Poro Point.
The original third order apparatus was manufactured in England and the lantern with 3 wicks and chimneys were imported from France, hence the difficulty of replacing worn out spare parts. However, the ingenuity of Filipino machinists have succeeded in copying the original.
The light machine is rotated by a system of gears like that of a big clock with pendulum of weights, winded and suspended with stell cable.
The lamp of the lighthouse station was fueled by kerossene for the first 80 years of its operation until the Pangasinan I Electric Cooperative (PANELCO I) extended its power lines in barangay Patar and 4 other barangays involved in the dendro ipil-ipil plantation development and operations of the 3.3 magawatt ipil-ipil wood feed power plant at the start of the 1980's, according to lighthouse headkeeper Jesus Lazo.